Breast Cancer – Not only Women are in Danger
Breast cancer is defined as a malignant tumor that occurs in the cells of the breast. On the other hand, a malignant tumor is a group of cancer cells that may possibly breed into adjacent tissues or metastasize to distant parts of the body. The prevalence of breast cancer is mostly pronounced in women, but research has proved that men too are not out of danger. It is to the surprise of many that men also do have breast tissue and that they stand the risk of developing breast cancer.
At birth, both boys and girls commence life with similar breast tissue. The distinction becomes notable only when girls reach puberty. What inhibits the development of breasts in males is the high testosterone level and low estrogen production during puberty. But despite this, some milk ducts are still present in the male breasts; they, however, remain undeveloped.
Breast cancer is nearly 100 times less prevalent among men than in women making it a rare disease. This means that less than 1% of all breast cancers occur in men. The American Cancer Society’s prediction for breast cancer in males in the United States for 2016 is that there will be 2600 new cases of invasive breast cancer; out of them, by estimation, about 440 men will pass on from this rare disease.
Among the signs and symptoms of male breast cancer are a painless lump or swelling in the breast tissues; changes in the skin layer on the breast such as dimpling, puckering, redness or scaling; changes in the nipple, including discharge from it. All these signs and symptoms are easy to note as they start to occur.
Approaches to the treatment of breast cancer in men and women are hardly any different. The most popular methods include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, immunotherapy, and surgical removal.
According to medical tests and researches, it is a fact that survival rates and prognoses for males are not as good as it is for women. Statistics show that men have a 25 percent higher mortality rate than women. Medical experts believe this is attributed to the fact that men get diagnosed with breast cancer much later, when the disease is at an advanced stage. In fact, most people don’t even know that a man can have breast censer. In this regard, it is opined that the general lack of knowledge that men are susceptible to breast cancer is the primary cause of late diagnosis.